Basic Vehicle Insurance: Understand the Elements of Coverage


Each state has different mandates for vehicle insurance, but necessary auto policies have six types of coverage. You can get the advantage of extra options available with policies. The additional cover includes underinsured/uninsured motorist, comprehensive, collision, property damage liability, personal injury protection, and bodily injury protection. You can expect variability in policy pricing and limits. Make sure to do your research to find the best insurance company. The naic number helps you keep track of reliable insurance companies.

Bodily Injury Obligation

Bodily injury obligation coverage applies to potential injuries caused by a policyholder or designated driver. Make sure to add family members in your policy to get maximum coverage. They will be covered for driving a car of a third party with their consent.

Make sure to get suitable liability insurance because your involvement in an accident can increase problems in your life. Sometimes, you have to pay a huge sum of money. Try to purchase more than the minimum liability insurance required by the state. It is enough to protect your assets, such as savings and home.

Personal Injury Protection or Medical Payment (PIP)

The coverage helps you to make payment for the treatment of injuries. This policy is good to cover medical payments, cost of substituting services and lost wages. This plan may cover injury expenses and funeral costs.


With this coverage, you can get money for damage to your vehicle after a collision with a car, telephone pole, tree, etc. The collision with animals like deer are covered under a comprehensive plan. Collisions coverage is necessary to cover damages by potholes.

You can buy collision coverage as a deductible. If you are guilty of an accident, the collision coverage may reimburse you for repair costs of the vehicle, minus deductibles. If you are not guilty to cause an accident, the insurance company can recover the paid amount from the insurance company of another driver. If they can get money successfully, you will be reimbursed for deductibles.

Liability of Property Damage

If you cause damage to the property of your neighbor or other person, you can make payment of damages with this coverage. The policy covers any destruction to someone else’s vehicle. Moreover, other damages include broken building, fences, telephone poles, and lampposts.

Comprehensive Coverage

With this coverage, you can get money for a loss because of damage or theft caused by a collision with another object. Comprehensive plan covers particular events, such as vandalism, flood, hail, wind, storm, earthquake, explosion, missiles, falling object, and fire. You can get money to repair cracks and shattered areas of your windshield. This insurance is available with different deductibles. However, some insurers offer coverage of the glass portion without any deductible.   

Coverage for Underinsured and Uninsured Motorist

Underinsured coverage reimburses you as a prominent family member or designated drivers. With this coverage, you can get protection in a dangerous event. If the driver is a victim, the protection coverage can save you from potential troubles. The coverage offers maximum protection in a hazardous event.